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不限 癌症 糖尿病 心血管疾病 精神/神经疾病 自身免疫性疾病 炎症及感染性疾病 代谢性疾病 呼吸系统疾病 其他

论文DNA甲基化潜在介导1型糖尿病遗传风险基因位点的识别

The risk of Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) comprises both genetic and environmental components. We investigated whether genetic susceptibility to T1D could be mediated by changes in DNA methylation, an epigenetic mechanism that potentially plays a role in autoimmune diabetes. From enrichment analysis, we found that there was a common genetic influence for both DNA methylation and T1D across the genome, implying that methylation could be either on the causal pathway to T1D or a non-causal biomarker of T1D genetic risk. Using data from a general population comprising blood samples taken at birth (n = 844), childhood (n = 846) and adolescence (n = 907), we then evaluated the associations between 64 top GWAS single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and DNA methylation levels at 55 non-HLA loci. We identified 95 proximal SNP-cytosine phosphate guanine (CpG) pairs (cis) and 1 distal SNP-CpG association (trans) consistently at birth, childhood, and adolescence. Combining genetic co-localization and Mendelian Randomization analysis, we provided evidence that at 5 loci, ITGB3BP, AFF3, PTPN2, CTSH and CTLA4, DNA methylation is potentially mediating the genetic risk of T1D mainly by influencing local gene expression.展开>><<收起

Journal of Autoimmunity,Available online 29 June 2018  0
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