热门疾病
不限 癌症 糖尿病 心血管疾病 精神/神经疾病 自身免疫性疾病 炎症及感染性疾病 代谢性疾病 呼吸系统疾病 其他

论文生物标志物在神经内分泌肿瘤诊断中的作用

Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are neoplasms that arise from neuroendocrine cells. Neuroendocrine cells and their tumours can secrete a wide range of amines and polypeptide hormones into the systemic circulation. This feature has triggered widespread investigation into circulating biomarkers for the diagnosis of NETs as well as for the prediction of the biological behaviour of tumour cells. Classic examples of circulating biomarkers for gastroenteropancreatic NETs include chromogranin A, neuron-specific enolase and pancreatic polypeptide as well as hormones that elicit clinical syndromes, such as serotonin and its metabolites, insulin, glucagon and gastrin. Biomarker metrics of general markers for diagnosing all gastroenteropancreatic NET subtypes are limited, but specific hormonal measurements can be of diagnostic value in select cases. In the past decade, methods for detecting circulating transcripts and tumour cells have been developed to improve the diagnosis of patients with NETs. Concurrently, modern scanning techniques and superior radiotracers for functional imaging have markedly expanded the options for clinicians dealing with NETs. Here, we review the latest research on biomarkers in the NET field to provide clinicians with a comprehensive overview of relevant diagnostic biomarkers that can be implemented in dedicated situations.展开>><<收起

Nat Rev Endocrinol, Published: 29 August 2018  0
获取全文